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books of mangrove


kompoisi dan zonasi mangrove

Jenis-jenis mangrove memerlukan tempat tumbuh yang sesuai dan tidak dapat tumbuh di sembarang tempat. Hal ini yang menyebabkan terbentuknya zonasi.


Suksesi Hutan Mangrove Pulau Marsegu
Suksesi tumbuhan adalah penggantian suatu komunitas tumbuh-tumbuhan

Analisis Vegetasi Untuk Pengelolaan Kawasan Hutan Lindung Pulau Marsegu
Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui struktur dan komposisi vegetasi

Definisi Hutan Mangrove
Hutan mangrove merupakan suatu tipe hutan yang tumbuh di daerah pasang surut, terutama di pantai yang terlindung,

Vegetation Analysis Intended For The Management Of Marsegu Island Protected Forest
The research aims to observe the structure and composition of forest vegetation communities and the relation with the ecological factors

A Systematic Revision Of The Mangrove Genus Sonneratia
In Australia, New Guinea and the southwestern Pacific seven taxa are recognised in Sonneratia of which three species are redescribed in view of their Indo-Malesian counterparts (S. alba, S. caseolaris, S. ovata),

Conservation And Development Issues: Examples From Venezuela
In Venezuela, a recent presidential decree regulates the protection of mangroves and associated ecosystems in the context of watersheds, prohibiting specific activities such as dredging, land filling and use of biocides,

Mangrove Ecosystems: Definitions, Distribution, Zonation, Forest Structure, Trophic Structure, and Ecological Significance

Ecology of Mangrove Forests
The term mangrove refers to salt-tolerant species of tree or shrub which grow on sheltered shores and in estuaries in the tropics and some sub-tropical regions.

Human Use of Mangrove
Products from mangrove trees include logs, fuelwood, charcoal, wood-chips, paper pulp, scaffold poles, piling and construction material, stakes for fish traps

Non-sustainable uses

Non-sustainable uses lead to loss of the mangrove habitat, and associated losses of shoreline, organic matter production and species dependent on the habitat

Mangrove Conservation
maintenance of ‘reservoirs’ for natural restocking of adjacent exploited areas; protection of breeding and feeding areas important for fisheries;

Ecological Importance of Mangrove Trees The example of Bruguiera gymnorrhiza
Mangrove forests most important coastal ecosystems in the world in terms of primary production and coastal protection.

Natural Recovery Of Amazonian Mangrove Forest As Revealed By Brachyuran Crab Fauna
Due to the enormous influence of the Amazon River, accretion and erosion processes alternate in rapid succession on the North coast of South America.

Red Mangrove Eradication in Hawaiian Wetland,
Alien red mangrove (Rhizophora mangle) and pickleweed (Batis maritima) are major invasive plants

Rehabilitation Of Oil- Damaged Mangroves
When mangroves have been killed by oil there is often a great interest in rehabilitation of the forests based on a desire both to re-establish the important mangrove ecosystems

Fate and Effects of Oil
Oil slicks enter mangrove forests when the tide is high, and are deposited on the aerial roots and sediment surface as the tide recedes.

Oil Spill Response
It is generally agreed that mangroves are particularly sensitive to oil and that they are priority areas for protection.

The Restoration, Conservation And Management Of Mangrove
Mangrove wetlands in the coastal states of East Coast of India could be restored and better protected with the involvement of local user communities.

Mangrove carbon sequestration in the Florida Everglades
Mangrove forests represent one of the most geochemically and biologically active biomes yet at present no unified modeling framework exists to investigate processes governing carbon sequestration.

Mangroves of the Caribbean
Mangrove swamps are unique biological environments which occur where land and sea come together. The term “mangrove” refers to vascular plants that have developed physiological mechanisms for living in shallow seawater.

Mangrove Ecosystems: Definitions, Distribution, Zonation, Forest Structure, Trophic Structure, and Ecological Significance


Differences in the Crab Fauna of Mangrove Areas
Existtig paradigms suggest that mangrove leaf litter is processed primarily via the detrital pathway in forests in the Caribbean biogeographic realm whereas herbivorous crabs

Conversion Of Mangrove Forests Into Traditional Brackish Water Ponds
Traditional brackish water ponds have been developed rapidly in the last decade in Tarakan, and have endangered the existing mangrove forest,

Mangrove Restoration Costs and Benefits of Successful Ecological Restoration
The costs to successfully restore both the vegetative cover and ecological functions of a mangrove forest have been reported to range from USD$225/ha to USD$216,000/ha.

Chromosomal Pairing and Pollen Viability in Rhizophora mangle and Rhizophora stylosa Hybrids
Two prominent mangrove species of Fiji, Rhizophora mangle, Linn. Rhizophora stylosa Griff and their puative hyubrid (R x selala) were analysed for chromosome number and pairing.

Regeneration of Rhizophora mangle in a Caribbean mangrove forest: interacting effects of canopy disturbance and a stem-boring beetle
Current theory predicts that in low-density, seed-limited plant populations, seed predation will be more important than competition in determining the number of individuals that reach maturity.


The term mangrove refers to salt-tolerant species of tree or shrub which grow on sheltered shores and in estuaries in the tropics and some sub-tropical regions. There are about 60 species which occur exclusively in this habitat, and many non-exclusive species. Mangroves are outstandingly adapted to growing in sea water, which they desalinate by an ultrafiltration process. Mangrove roots typically grow in anaerobic sediment and receive oxygen through aerating tissue which communicates to the air through small pores (lenticels) on the aerial roots and trunks. Mangroves may occur as narrow fringes on steeper shores and river banks, or as extensive forests on flat delta-land. Within any area of mangroves there may be zones or mosaics of different biological communities, depending upon many factors. These include height of sediment surface relative to tidal water movements, and salinity and nutrient supply (which in turn are influenced by freshwater inputs from the catchment area).

mangrove mangrove
mangrove mangrove
mangrove mangrove
mangrove mangrove

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  5. Jenis Perakaran Akar Nafas (Pneumatophore) Pada Hutan Mangrove.
  6. Suksesi Hutan Mangrove
  7. Manfaat Hutan Mangrove Teluk Kotania Kabupaten Seram Barat Maluku
  8. Jenis - Jenis Tumbuhan Mangrove
  9. Penyebaran Hutan Mangrove
  10. Struktur Hutan Mangrove
  11. Komposisi Jenis dan Zonasi Hutan Mangrove
  12. Zonasi Hutan Mangrove Andaman
  13. Sistim Silvikultur Hutan Mangrove
  14. Gambar-Gambar Hutan Mangrove
  15. Hutan Mangrove dan Manfaatnya
  16. Keanekaragaman Fauna pada Habitat Mangrove
  17. Perbanyakan Mangrove dengan Sistem Cangkok dalam Upaya Regenerasi Mangrove
  18. Konservasi Mangrove sebagai Pendukung Sumberhayati Perikanan Pantai
  19. Potensi Mangrove Sebagai Tanaman Obat
  20. Kriteria Baku dan Pedoman Penentuan Kerusakan Mangrove
  21. Pembuatan Tanaman Rehabilitasi Hutan Mangrove
  22. Vegetasi-vegetasi di Tepi Pantai.
  23. Manfaat Hutan dalam Perdagangan Karbon


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